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09/10/2016

A brief history of watercolors


3000 years ago, Egypt Memphis era of egg painting is the predecessor of watercolor. It is a red, yellow, green, purple four-color mixture of egg yolk or protein and other media, rendering in the wall into the intertwined pattern. After the Roman times and passed in Europe, breeds a later watercolor.

From the 14th to the 15th centuries, European painters developed a monochromatic watercolor with lines as the backbone, with little color contrast or only monochromatic rendering. It was used as a draft and practice of oil painting.

Until nearly three or four hundred years, watercolor was compiled into a more orderly history. From the 16th to the 17th centuries, the Platonic ideal beauty of the painter began to attach importance to the nature of the realism, and often to the way the landscape sketch to capture the beauty given by nature. Watercolor is the record of rapid changes in inspiration and fathom the atmosphere of the best materials, so the watercolor by the German painter Durer and others, gradually being more people use. Especially in the 17th century, some Dutch painters, more committed to the watercolor and oil painting as equal to the art, and to study their special techniques, slowly spread to the United Kingdom, led to the rise of the 18th century British watercolor. Known as the father of British watercolor, Paul Sandby won the honor and status in the society with diligent labor and outstanding talent. With the support of the British Government, he established the Royal College of Art to promote the development of watercolor. Began to break the Dutch influence, to seek independent style. The watercolors of France during this period were extended by their portraits of oil-color religious portraits, unlike the British directly influenced by the Dutch. 18th century French watercolors are transparent and opaque combination, is to carry forward the light color illustrations and absorption of the British style and characteristics of the formation. They pay attention to a class of plastic watercolor opaque painting, the United Kingdom is generally applied to the so-called pure transparent watercolor.
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In addition, in Germany, Switzerland and other European countries, because of the human nature brought about by the mystery of exploration and realistic spirit, watercolor because of its light and diversity of advantages, gradually welcomed and showed a light and independent value and charm.
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From the eighteenth century to the nineteenth century, watercolor painters, after centuries of effort, have laid an independent foundation for watercolor painting. Today, watercolors can be attributed to this period of operation. In particular, several British talented artists - Turner, Gardiner, Bonnington and others painstaking research, promote and develop the characteristics of pure watercolor, abandoned the pleasing Dutch painting. At the same time Europe and the United States of oil painters, sculptors have put watercolor creation, making watercolor art is booming. Throughout the history of the development of watercolor painting, despite the three or four hundred years before and after such a short period of time to obtain such a brilliant achievement, its characteristics more in line with modern efficiency,

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